|Types Of Donors
|Voluntary donor is a person who gives
blood, plasma or component freely and voluntarily
without receiving payment in the form of money or
a substitute for money but only for internally generated
sense of altruism or community responsibility.
|There are different types of blood
|They can be categorized as :
- Paid donors
- Professional donors
- Captive donors
- Family replacement donors
- Fringe motivated voluntary donors
- Altruistic donors
- Directed donors
- Autologous donors
- Aphaeresis donors
|In India, first 3 types of blood donors
are banned by the government order after Supreme
Court's intervention. Voluntary or Altruistic donations
are most desirable for any society to ensure safe
and consistent blood supply.
Commercial Or Paid Donor who gives blood
in return for money or other form of payment in
terms of direct exchange of cash or kind. These
donors are usually not healthy, are often anemic
and at risk of transfusion- transmissible infections
Professional donors are donating blood on a regular,
registered, semi-permanent or semi-salaried basis
and for the same they may be paid on a unit-fee
basis or monthly or weekly.
|Captive Donors Are Those who
donate blood under the pressure by the superiors
or reporting officers, some times for the benefit
of cash or kind. Jail inmates could come under this
category. These types of donors are not as safe
because they are under pressure to donate blood.
They might hide the medical history.
|Family Or Family Replacement Donors
are donating blood in need of their relatives or
friends and these types of donations are usually
under compulsion. They may not be of the same group
of the patient but they are under pressure for the
same number of units of blood as of patient's requirement.
|Fringe Motivated Voluntary Donors
are voluntary donors but motivated by fringe benefit
attached to voluntary donation like day off, small
gifts, good food after donation.
|Altruistic Donors are those
who give blood, plasma or other blood components
voluntarily without receiving payment in the form
of money or a substitute for money.
|Directed Donors are those who
donate specifically for transfusion to a particular
relative or friend. The donor and patient blood
group should be similar. Directed donors are a type
of replacement donors but here the same unit of
blood is given to the designated person after following
proper testing protocol
|Autologous Donation is the
process where the patient himself/herself donates
blood for self. The same unit can be transfused.
Autologous donation has few added advantages of
easy availability on shelf during period of demand,
safety from TTI, useful in case of rare blood group
and no chance of getting alloimmunization.
|Apheresis is the procedure
in which whole blood is collected from a donor or
patient, separated into components, one or more
of which is retained and the remaining elements
are then returned to the person. The entire process
is done thorugh an advanced equipment in a comfortable
environment. Apheresis units can reduce multible
donor exposure to the patient who is in regular
need of blood components. By Apheresis procedure
there is possibility of HLA matched donor unit in
case of multiply transfused patient. Definitive
risk groups of blood donors have been well defined
and it is generally believed that safe donors are
those who report behavioral risk factors and whose
donations are repeatedly negative on screening.
|What Is Aphaeresis?
|Though most blood is
donated as whole blood, it is also possible to donate
only a portion of blood using a technique called
"Aphaeresis". During the apheresis donation,
we draw blood from the donor's vein through a sterile
tube into a cell-separator machine. The machine
spins the blood (called centrifugation) to separate
the needed component-platelets/plasma/red cells,
and then returns the remaining components to the
donor in the same vain or other arm. By appropriately
adjusting the instrument, a selected portion of
the blood such as platelets can be recovered.Patients
with cancer or leukemia, transplant patients, and
people with blood disorders such as aplastic anemia,
benefit from platelet transfusions. During chemotherapy
and radiation treatment, both cancer cells and platelets
are destroyed. Many of these patients need platelet
transfusions to prevent uncontrolled bleeding.While
this process takes slightly more time than a regular
whole blood donation, such donations are completely
safe. It takes approximately one hour for a plasma
donation and approximately two hours for a platelet
donation. Prathama has latest equipments to support
Needle, tubing, and collection bags in the machine
are sterile and discarded after each donation.
Experienced staff closely supervises the procedure
and take readings from time to time. Donors can
watch television or videos, listen to music, read
books during the donation process.
The donation does not significantly decrease the
number of platelets in the donor's body, and the
donated platelets are replaced in approximately
two days. Platelet donors can donate every two
days and up to 24 times a year. If donors alternate
between donating platelets and whole blood or
plasma, the waiting time varies.
We are planning to introduce this in our next
|Why Should We Donate
|Blood donation gives,
a proud feeling of touching someone's
life in such a beautiful way. Its an
experience that no words can define.
You have to donate blood yourself to
find out. By keeping the blood line
flowing, you will greatly contribute
towards a healthier, happier society.
Do remember, any one may require blood
any time. Including ourselves and our
dear ones. You also benefit in other
ways by donating blood. It reduces the
chances of ischemic heart diseases (beginning
of heart problems) as frequent donations
reduce the accumulated and unwanted
iron load from the body. Your blood
donation will also get you your blood
insurance from us.
|Any Side Effects Of
|No ! Not really. Do ask
any regular blood donor about it. A
small percentage of first time donors
may psychologically feel a little dizzy
but only for a few minutes. Our staff
at the blood drive will ensure that
your first blood donation is a happy
experience. We are sure this will make
you a regular blood donor. In fact there
are many people who have donated more
than 100 times in their life time.
|If I Get Any Disease
By Blood Donation?
|That is impossible. Only
sterile disposables are used to collect
your blood. These disposables can be
used only one time. This totally eliminates
any remote chance of catching any disease
from blood donation.
|How Much Blood Can
|Eligible donors (any body
between 18 to 60 years of age and leading
a healthy life) with weight above 50
kgs. can donate up to 450 ml of blood.
Your body can replenish this volume
within 24 hours.
|Why Should I Become
A Regular Blood Donor?
|As you know, blood is
a life saving medicine, which works
wonders in certain medical treatments,
and life threatening situations. It
is an emergency medicine. Our society
is today threatened by scarcity of blood.
The only source of blood right now is
This issue has got further complexes
by professional donors, who donate blood
for money. These donors have contributed
towards rapid spread of killer diseases
like AIDS, Hepatitis B & Hepatitis
C in the society. WHO strongly recommends
the source of blood as only from a regular
voluntary blood donor. Your regular
donation will go a long way in salvaging
|What Should I Eat Before
|Anything, but preferably
something. Eating light snacks and a
drink (nonalcoholic) before blood donation
makes you psychologically more comfortable.
|What Exactly Happens
During Blood Donation?
|Giving blood is a very
simple and straight forward process.
On arrival at a blood drive, you will
be asked to fill a few details on a
donor form. Your medical history will
be taken by a medical personnel in an
area which provides adequate privacy.
We routinely take a small drop of blood
to ensure that you aren't anemic. After
you pass this simple medical screening
process, you will be escorted to a blood
donation area. The actual blood donation
takes about 10 minutes followed by a
little rest and refreshments.
|What Should I Eat After
|Drink some liquid like
tea, cold drink, juice, etc. to replenish
fluid and eat some snacks. All this
will be available for you at the blood
|What Happens To Blood
That I Donate?
|Your blood goes to a modern
blood bank - Lions Blood Bank. Within
6 hours of Blood collection its processing
starts at Lions Blood Bank. It is separated
into components viz. Red Cells, Plasma
& Platelets. These Blood components
are made available to Hospitals, and
Nursing Homes including Government Hospitals
in and around the city of Chennai. Medical
setups, which do not have blood storage
facilities, send their samples to us
for cross matching following which blood
is sent to them directly. All this is
to ensure fastest response to the patient's
need. This is how each time you donate
blood you save up to 3 lives.
|Why Blood Components?
|In modern medicine there
is no room for whole blood. Developed
countries have switched over to blood
components for more than 20 years. Unfortunately
in India still 95% of the blood is used
as whole blood. By making blood components,
all the useful parts of blood can be
used. In whole blood, platelets die
and clotting factors become ineffective
and the patient receives unwanted and
|What You Do For Blood
|Modern and sophisticated
testing set up is used to test each
and every unit of blood for HIV Virus
(AIDS), Hepatitis B & C virus (Jaundice)
Malaria Parasite, Syphilis and also
blood groups. Bar Code systems, fully
integrated computer network, real time
information processing makes our lab
only of its kind in India. This lab
ensures highest level of blood safety
to each unit of blood. Thanks to robotic
machines, the lab technicians also have
minimal contact with the blood, which
ensures their safety from blood transmitted
|What Care Should I
Take After Donation?
- Eat and Drinks something before
- Drink more liquids than usual
in next 4 hours
- Avoid consuming alcohol until
you have eating something
- Don't smoke for next 30 minutes
- Avoid climbing steps for next
- If there is bleeding from the
phlebotomy site, raise the arm and
- If fainting or dizziness occurs,
either lie down or site with the
head between the knees
- Resume all normal activities if
no symptoms occur
- Remove bandage next day
|How Costs Are Met?
|Lions Blood Bani is run
on a " Not for Profit" but
self sustaining basis. There is a service
charge levied on blood that is distributed.
This service charge is essential for
meeting cost of raw material, testing,
processing, and providing for depreciation
and administration expenses. This will
also give Lions Blood Bank an opportunity
to undertake fundamental research in
the field of transfusion medicine. Meanwhile
to take care of people from poor economic
status, 100 % of blood components which
go to government hospitals are free
of service charges. Lions Blood Bank
is committed to up lift the standards
of blood banking and in turn the quality
of Life of the common man in our society.